Back to post


Posted in [Blog Medical Negligence ] on Tuesday, May 1st, 2018

I watched Ray Darcy’s interview with Vicky Phelan last Saturday night and I am in awe of her. She (deservedly) got a standing ovation from the audience. For anyone who has not watched the interview, I would urge you to do so.

Many commentators have lavished praise (and rightly so) on Ms. Phelan since her tragic story first came to light last week, on the conclusion of her court case against Clinical Pathology Laboratories Inc. and the HSE.

Not many people know what it takes to prosecute a medical negligence case against the might of Defendants such as these. (Clinical Pathology Laboratories Inc. has over 1,850 employees).

It is unbelievably stressful and takes a huge amount of courage and determination of which this lady has in spades. This is aside from the financial risks which are huge.

I am of the view that the Defendants were hoping Ms. Phelan would die before her case got to Court. That is not a view I come to lightly. It is formed after having practised in this area for over ten years and having seen a defend and deny approach taken time and time again.

For too long the HSE (through its indemnifiers, the State Claims Agency) have got away with this bring them to the brink approach. Vicky Phelan took them on and faced them down.  Ms. Phelan has revealed that a confidentiality agreement was put in front of her at the beginning of the mediation, which took place some couple of weeks before the High Court case commenced. I would like to think that I would have had the bravery and fortitude to say No, to signing that agreement, as Vicky did. It would have been a much easier path to take. Her family would be taken care of. There would be no publicity. No one would know her business. She could concentrate all her efforts on accessing treatment and on her lovely family.  We women are so lucky that Vicky was so brave and selfless.

I saw Vicky’s reaction when Ray Darcy told her the breaking news that Grainne Flannelly the CervicalCheck Director had resigned. It was not triumphant. It was more that she knew that someone was finally being held to account. We have seen time and time again where mistakes are made; no one is accountable and “systems failure” is blamed. There have to be consequences for actions taken (or not as the case may be). Only then will lessons be learned.

If Ms. Phelan had died, her case would have died with her. We would have been none the wiser as unbelievably a Circular from the HSE July 2016 (two years after the audit was carried out which identified the incorrect smear test) states that:-

“……. as a general rule of thumb, the outcome should be communicated to the woman with a focus on the context of confronting the overall clinical scenario.”
………Clinicians should use their judgment in individual cases where it is clear that discussion of the outcome of the review could do more harm than good.
In cases where a woman has died, simply ensure the result is recorded in the woman’s notes.”

At the time of writing, I understand from the drip-feed of information that we have been getting over the past week that 17 women whose cancer was missed have died. (It was reported as 12 yesterday morning). They died not knowing that a mistake was made in their care. It has also been reported that 208 women in total had their cancer missed and 162 of them have not been told of the errors to date.

But I also understand that the audit in 2014 only looked at women who have been diagnosed with cancer. There may be hundreds of women developing cancer or living with undiagnosed cancer (having had an incorrect smear report) but because they have not yet been diagnosed, they have not triggered an audit to take place. So what happens to the hundreds of women who have incorrect smears, but because they have not been diagnosed yet, they could now be ignoring symptoms etc. and relying on their false report? Should CervicalCheck not issue a safety warning to the public saying if you have x y z symptoms go to your GP for another smear now as opposed to saying ring a helpline? Unless there is an audit of every smear (which is unrealistic) or a fresh smear done, those women may not be caught until it’s too late.

In 2015, when he was Minister for Health, Leo Varadkar said that a failure of health professionals to disclose errors and to avoid their duty to be candid was equivalent to a “hit and run”. This policy of the HSE in this instance of not informing those affected or their next of kin is akin to a legalised hit and run. Mr. Varadkar promised at the time to make it mandatory for medical and nursing staff to admit errors that have caused harm to patients. It was within his gift to change the system and instead he did a U-turn for reasons that I have yet to work out.

Indeed, I wrote about Leo Varadkar’s U- turn on doctors’ duty to disclose mistakes two years ago.

Recent media reports report that the Taoiseach Leo Varadkar said “how filled with sadness I am” about Ms. Phelan and her case and for her and her family.

“I am very concerned for the other women and their families who must be very concerned and who have questions that they want answered. We will try and answer them as soon as we can.”

This has echoes of what he said following the RTE Primetime Investigates Programme on the inspirational Alison McCormack in February 2018. He stated in Leader’s Questions on the 21st February 2018:-

“I want to offer her my sympathies and I want to thank her for her bravery in coming forward and making the case public so lessons can be learned and not repeated.
It is a very sad truth that as long as we have a health service that is run by people with the help of machines there will be human error and there will be machine error. The important thing, however, is where errors occur they are admitted, that hospitals and clinicians are honest about their errors and that they are identified and minimised.

There is a duty of candour to inform patients if a mistake has occurred. In order to enforce this, just in the last few months the Oireachtas has passed legislation to protect open disclosure. I appreciate that this law was not in place at the time but is now in place. We now expect from our hospitals – from management and from clinicians – that they engage in the duty of candour when mistakes have occurred.”

We know that duty of candour did not work in Alison McCormack’s case. It did not work in Vicky Phelan’s case.

It was reported in the Irish Times on Saturday the 28th April 2018, that the Department of Health has said that new legislation which would make mandatory the open disclosure to patients of serious incidents in the health service, is being prepared. The Department said on Friday that the measure would form part of a new Patient Safety Bill on which it was currently working.

It is a sad fact that the truth has to be legislated for. Isn’t it a pity that it took the tragic and shocking case Vicky Phelan for this penny to finally drop?

As a woman and as a mother of two teenage daughters, thank you Vicky Phelan.

Karen Kearney, Medical Negligence Solicitor, Cantillons Solicitors

Contact Our Medical Negligence Solicitors in Cork

If you are looking to make a cancer misdiagnosis claim, please contact Cantillons Solicitors using the contact form below, call us on +353 (0)21 4275673 or email us at for more information. Our offices are located at 39 South Mall, Cork. We do, however, represent clients from all over Ireland. Should you be unable to attend our offices, we are more than happy to travel to you, or conduct the meeting on Zoom.

In contentious business, a solicitor may not calculate fees or other charges as a percentage or proportion of any award or settlement.” 

Karen Kearney



In her twenty years as a practising solicitor, Karen has worked with a number of leading law firms in Limerick and Cork where she has acquired extensive experience in all areas of the law, with a particular expertise in medical negligence cases.

Karen has represented clients effectively in many forums including the District Court, Circuit Court, High Court, Employment Tribunals and Coroner’s Court. She has acted for, and advised, State Bodies in respect of all areas of the law to include childcare law; employment issues; food safety and health and safety issues.

Karen joined Cantillons Solicitors in November 2009 and works in the Medical Negligence Department practising clinical negligence litigation.  She is expertly assisted by Patricia Sisk and April Wiseman, Legal Assistants.

She is very proud to be a member of the medical negligence team which  has been involved in precedent-setting  cases since 1980 and which received the inaugural award of Litigation Team of the Year, National Irish Bank Law Awards in 2012.

Karen regularly attends international conferences in order to add to  her pool of her experts and ensure access to the world’s best. She is also regularly asked to speak at national and international conferences concerning medico-legal issues. She is a regular speaker at the annual Medical Law Conference; giving presentations on healthcare law, practice and procedure to employees in the healthcare section and fellow lawyers. This lecturing experience means that Karen has an excellent grasp of law in theory as well as in practice.

Karen has featured on national television and on local and national radio  in relation to this specialised area of medical negligence litigation.She has been commissioned to write opinion pieces on topical issues in the medical negligence area, published in national newspapers. Notably, she first highlighted in the Irish Examiner, the Minister for Health’s failure to introduce a statutory Duty of Candour-  a legal requirement for medical staff, nurses and management to tell patients and their families if a mistake has been made which adversely affects the patient’s health – despite the Minister’s promise to do so.

Karen also writes a weekly column in a local daily newspaper, the Evening Echo, addressing reader’s legal queries. This column  appears in Monday’s edition of the paper.

Karen has developed real expertise in her field and has shown great dedication in pursuing complex injury cases to settlement.

Karen gets referrals from patients nationwide. She represents her patients with determination and compassion.


  • BCL Honours 1992
  • Admitted to the Roll of Solicitors in Michaelmas 1996


  • Former Secretary of Limerick Bar Association
  • Former member of the Litigation Committee of the Law Society of Ireland
  • Member of the Medical Injuries Alliance
  • Member of Action Against Medical Accidents (AvMA)

Related Solicitors

Karen Kearney


Ernest J. Cantillon

Managing Partner

How can we help?

We are always happy to accommodate you at a time and place that best suits your needs.

We have Solicitors based in various locations, including Cork, Limerick and Dublin. We can arrange a meeting at a location that is suitable to you.

If you would like to speak to a member of our team outside of office hours then please contact us using the form below. We are happy to accommodate a virtual consultation, via Zoom or otherwise also.

If you have a query send us a message…

    Website by Doodle